The complete article by Tobias Damberger was published in Zur Geschichte des Kartonmodellbaus, vol. 20
2D paper soldiers: Printing two-dimensional soldiers has a long tradition that goes back to the middle of the 18th century. Publishers like Schreiber in Esslingen and Scholz in Mainz offered many such soldier model sheets. Each war lead to new and larger print runs, with an apex at the time of the Great War (1914-1918). These “flat” soldiers needed to be reinforced with cardboard or wood. To place them upright they needed to be mounted on a support of wood, or the addition of a paper strut on the back side.
3D paper soldiers: The publishers “Verlagshaus Berthold Fuchs”, seldom mentioned in today’s sources, were located in Munich, Hohenzollernstraße 112. We have no information about the overall time span in which they published card models. They produced model sheets for three-dimensional figures in excellent quality; they came in various sizes and price ranges. Their scope encompassed simple black-and-white contour models, printed on paper, to multi-color prints on rather heavy cardboard. All types of models were printed in 3 different sizes: small, i. e. 31 x 24 cm, medium at 47 x 31 cm and large at 63 x 46 cm. The corresponding price of the color prints was 10, 20 and 40 Pfennig. In line with the spirit of the time Fuchs published several soldier-themed models around the beginning of the Great War. We can date these models pretty accurately by the content and the introductory words of the catalogue: “At this time the imagination of our youth is mainly occupied with the great struggle of the peoples. Their main interest is our armies and their leaders, the various battlegrounds by land and by sea, and everything that is connected with war”. The Fuchs models were particular insofar that they had many movable parts that were not glued on but had a removable plug-in mounting. In addition, these 3D models stood upright as built, without the aid of add-on mounts and struts.